Sam & Samantha,
our Toucans

DESCRIPTION

The Toco Toucan has a striking plumage with a mainly black body, a white throat, chest and uppertail-coverts, and red undertail-coverts.

What appears to be a blue iris is actually thin blue skin around the eye. This blue skin is surrounded by another ring of bare, orange skin.

The most noticeable feature, however, is its huge bill, which  measures from 15.8 to 23 cm (6.2 to 9.1 in) in length, which is yellow-orange, tending to deeper reddish-orange on its lower sections and culmen, and with a black base and large spot on the tip.

It looks heavy, but as in other toucans it is relatively light because the inside largely is hollow.

The tongue is nearly as long as the bill and very flat.

HABITAT

It occurs in northern and eastern Bolivia, extreme south-eastern Peru, northern Argentina, eastern and central Paraguay, eastern and southern Brazil.

DIET

The Toco Toucan eats fruit (e.g. figs and Passiflora edulis) using its bill to pluck them from trees, but also insects, frogs, small reptiles, and eggs and nestlings of birds.

It also has been known to capture and eat small adult birds in captivity.

The long bill is useful for reaching things that otherwise would be out-of-reach.

WHERE DO THEY LIVE?

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CONSERVATION STATUS

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