These birds can reach 76 to 86 cm (30 to 34 in) long and weigh 900 to 1500 grams (1.9 to 3.3 lbs), making it one of the larger members of its family.
They are vivid in appearance with blue wings and tail, dark blue chin, golden under parts, and a green forehead. Beaks are black.
The naked face is white, turning pink in excited birds, and lined with small black feathers. Some birds have a more orangey or “butterscotch” underside color, particularly on the breast. This was often seen in Trinidad birds and others of the Caribbean area.
The Blue-and-yellow Macaw uses its powerful beak for breaking nutshells, and also for climbing up and hanging from trees. Macaws in the wild can be very aggressive, but as babies they can be very playful.
This species occurs in Venezuela and south to Peru, Brazil, Bolivia, and Paraguay. The range extends slightly into Central America, where it is restricted to Panama.
The species’ range formerly included Trinidad, but it became extinct there by 1970 as a result of human activities.
Between 1999 and 2003, wild caught Blue-and-gold Macaws were translocated from Guyana to Trinidad, in an attempt to reestablish the species in a protected area around Nariva swamp.
Macaws primarily eat nuts, seeds and fruits. Occasionally they consume clay at riverbeds, in order to filter out toxins obtained from any unripe nuts they have consumed.
WHERE DO THEY LIVE?