Brown Pelican

DESCRIPTION

The brown pelican is the smallest of the eight species of pelican, although it is a large bird in nearly every other regard.

It is 106–137 cm (42–54 in) in length, weighs from 2.75 to 5.5 kg (6.1 to 12 lb) and has a wingspan from 1.83 to 2.5 m (6.0 to 8.2 ft).

HABITAT

Modern pelicans are found on all continents except Antarctica.

The brown pelican primarily inhabit warm regions.

Coastal distribution ranging from North America and the Caribbean to northern South America and the Galapagos.

DIET

The diet of pelicans usually consists of fish, which can be up to 30 cm (1 ft) long, but amphibians, turtles, crustaceans and occasionally birds are also eaten.

Aquatic prey is most commonly taken at or near the water surface. In deep water, pelicans often fish alone.

Nearer the shore, several will encircle schools of small fish or form a line to drive them into the shallows, beating their wings on the water surface and then   scooping up the prey.

WHERE DO THEY LIVE?

CONSERVATION STATUS

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