Black & White Ruffed Lemur


· These Lemurs are found in northeastern Madagascar

· They are the largest of the Lemuridae group

· Communicate with a series of 12 different vocalizations

· Lifespan in Captivity: 22-25 Years

· Lifespan in the Wild: 15-20 years


The black and white lemur is always both black and white, their general color patterns do not usually vary.

The black-and-white ruffed lemur abdomen, tail, hands and feet, inner limbs, forehead, face and crown are black.

Pelage is white on the sides, back, hind limbs and on the hindquarters. Males and females look the same.

Black-and-white ruffed lemurs demonstrate the rare behavior of female social dominance both within and outside the context of feedings.


The black and white lemur is found on the island of Madagascar off the southeastern coast of Africa.

Confined to the island’s seasonal eastern tropical rainforests, it is uncommon to rare throughout its range, which historically ran from the Masoala Peninsula in the northeast to the Mananara River in the south.

They can also be found on the island reserve of Nosy Mangabe in Antongil Bay.

The rainforests in which these animals live are seasonal, with two primary seasons: the hot, wet season (November through April), and the cool, dry season (May through October). From September through April, more fruit is available, so females prefer the lianas in the crowns of trees.

The tree crowns are predominantly used from May through August, when young leaves and flowers are in abundance.


Being the most frugivorous members of the family Lemuridae, consuming an average of 74–90% fruit, ruffed lemurs also consume nectar (4–21%), and supplement the rest of their diet with young leaves (3–6%), mature leaves (1%), flowers (3–6%), and some seeds.

Ruffed lemurs have also been reported to come to the ground to eat fungi and exhibit geophagy


brown lemur