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The Timber Wolf (also known as eastern wolf or eastern timber wolf - Canis lupus lycaon) was the first subspecies of the gray wolf, Canis lupus, to be recognized in the United States. Canis lupus lycaon inhabited the eastern portions of the United States and southeastern parts of Canada.
|Species:||Canis lupus or Canis lycaon|
|Subspecies:||Canis lupus lycaon or none|
The timber wolf occupies most habitats and topography except deserts and high mountaintops. The timber wolf was virtually exterminated by the early 1900s throughout its historic range in the northeastern United States. Although there are unconfirmed sightings of wolves in Vermont and Maine, and a confirmed shooting of a wolf in Maine in 1993, there is no evidence of breeding activity in the region.
The timber wolf is smaller than the gray wolf. It has a pale grayish-brown pelt. The back and the sides are covered with long, black hairs. Behind the ears, there is a slight reddish color. These differences in attributes are thought to be a result of their red wolf ancestry. The timber wolf is also skinnier than the gray wolf and has a more coyote-like appearance
Generally the primary prey base for the timber wolf includes white-tail deer, moose, and beaver.